Historiography

   During the early Middle Ages, several kinds of historical works were written in the countries that only subsequently constituted the Low Countries and the Dutch Republic, for exam ple, the chronicles of Alpertus Mettensis, Melis Stoke, Emo and Menko, and Johannes de Beka. In the later Middle Ages and the 16th century, the types of historical writing as well as their numbers rap idly multiplied, including local, regional, and even world chronicles. During the Revolt, many comprehensive histories were written from a Spanish or a Dutch perspective, for instance, those by the Italian Jesuit Famiano Strada (1572–1649), the Italian cardinal Guido Ben tivoglio (1579–1644), Pieter Christiaensz Bor (1559–1635), Emanuel van Meteren, Ever(h)ard van Reyd (1550–1602), and Pieter Cornelisz Hooft.
   Historiography gradually became more objective and “scientific” beginning in the mid-18th century with large-scale works such as Dutch History by Jan Wagenaar, History of Dutch Government un til 1795 by Prof. Adriaan Kluit (1736–1807), and Dutch History by poet Willem Bilderdijk. The systematic publication of series of his torical sources was initiated by the 19th-century historians Guil laume Groen van Prinsterer and Reinier Bakhuizen van den Brink. One of the most prominent historians of that century was Robert Fruin, who was appointed in 1860 to the newly created chair of Dutch history at Leiden University. During the 20th century, historiography was quickly professional ized and specialized; some of the better-known Dutch historians are Johan Huizinga, PieterGeyl, Jan Romein, Ludovicus Jacobus Rogier (1894–1947), Ernst Kossmann, and Bernard Slicher van Bath.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Historiography — His*to ri*og ra*phy, n. The art of employment of an historiographer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • historiography — 1560s; see from HISTORY (Cf. history) + GRAPHY (Cf. graphy). Related: Historiographer …   Etymology dictionary

  • historiography — ► NOUN 1) the study of the writing of history and of written histories. 2) the writing of history. DERIVATIVES historiographer noun historiographic adjective historiographical adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • historiography — [his tôr΄ē äg′rəfē] n. 1. the writing of history 2. HISTORY (sense 4); specif., the study of the techniques of historical research and historical writing, the methods of major historians, etc. 3. a body of historical writing …   English World dictionary

  • historiography — historiographic /hi stawr ee euh graf ik, stohr /, historiographical, adj. historiographically, adv. /hi stawr ee og reuh fee, stohr /, n., pl. historiographies. 1. the body of literature dealing with historical matters; histories collectively. 2 …   Universalium

  • Historiography — See also: Historian Historiography refers either to the study of the history and methodology of history as a discipline, or to a body of historical work on a specialized topic. Scholars discuss historiography topically – such as the… …   Wikipedia

  • HISTORIOGRAPHY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the bible second temple period chronicles of the jews early middle ages spanish and portuguese sixteenth to the seventeenth centuries systematic histories early studies the wissenschaft …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • historiography —    The writing of Spain s history was a particularly sensitive issue during the period of the Franco dictatorship, especially since the regime sought its legitimization in carefully selected precedents from the past. Franco s rising against the… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • historiography — The art of, or employment of, writing history. To study historiography is to study the methodological (including epistemological) questions raised by the writing of historical accounts. In an article published in the Polish Sociological Bulletin… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • historiography — noun Date: 1569 1. a. the writing of history; especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particulars from the authentic materials, and the synthesis of particulars into a narrative that will… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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